Encouraging prediction can support readers to develop inference (Pallincsar and Brown 1984). This lesson involves children making predictions about the box, as well as clarifying language to give a broader understanding of vocabulary in the story.
- Decorate a box to look like the box in the book.
- Alternatively, prepare an image of the box using the illustrations for display on the IWB.
Begin by asking the children to picture a box in their ‘mind’s eye’. (The mind’s eye is like a television screen inside your head).
- Describe your box to your partner.
Teacher’s note: be aware that it is estimated that 1-3% of people have aphantasia and are unable to see things in their ‘mind’s eye’. If this is relevant to a child in your class ask them to draw instead of imagine.
Now tell the children this is a magical box.
- Tell your partner about the ways in which your box is magical.
Explain that it is magical and mysterious because it never runs out of the thing that it contains. Introduce the term neverending. Ask:
- Do you know another word that has the same meaning as neverending? Write acceptable suggestions on the board. At this point you might want to introduce the word ‘infinite‘. Some children may have heard the term infinity used to describe outer space.
Demonstrate how the word ‘infinite’ is constructed. In this instance the prefix ‘in’ means not. And the root ‘finite’ means ending. So infinite literally means no end. Neverending, endless and infinite all have the same meaning.
- What could be inside the box?
- Is there anything that you would like to have in a neverending supply?
Explain that the box containing the yarn has magical and mysterious properties.
Share the picture of the box.
- Does the box look as you expected it?
Ask the children to work in pairs and write some sentences using the words neverending, endless and infinite.
Challenge them to listen out for other people using these words across the week. (You could prime other adults in school to use the words, in assemblies for example).
NotesBefore starting the hook, allow children to make prediction by looking at the front cover. Emphasise the word Extra- what does it mean in this case? Go through the vocabulary; magical, never-ending, endless, infinite, endless. Can they guess what they mean. Children can look at the dictionaries and find the definitions. What are the synonyms for these word? Can they use them in a sentence?
The word ‘extra’ should already be in the children’s vocabulary, but they may not have considered its meaning. This lesson explores what the word ‘extra’ means and its use in different contexts, before relating it to the story.
- large sheets of paper A3 or A1
- a range of dictionaries.
Organise the class in small groups of 3 – 4.
Provide each group with a large sheet of paper, with the word ‘extra’ written in the middle. Working with a partner, ask the children to create a sentence using the word ‘extra’. Next, write the sentences on the paper. You could model this process by saying something like, ‘I bought extra milk yesterday because my children keep using it up.’.
Further examples are:
- I stayed in bed for an extra half hour this morning.
- The football match went into extra time.
- Yesterday was extra special because it was my birthday.
- I had an extra helping of apple crumble.
Gather the class. Share and read the sentences.
- What does ‘extra’ mean?
- Can you work it out from the sentences that we have read? Prompt them to think about the different contexts they have suggested. Does this help?
Working collaboratively, each group writes a definition. Display the definitions and read them aloud. Vote for the definition that the children feel explains the meaning most clearly. This can be annotated for precision and clarity, if needed.
Now use dictionaries to look up definitions. Use more than one dictionary to illustrate the point that definitions can and do vary.
Prompts for final reflection:
- Can you use the word ‘extra’ in a new sentence?
Challenge the children to use the word ‘extra’ in as many correct ways as possible over the course of the week. Ask them to write and display their sentences on the working wall.
Review some good examples at the end of the week.
NotesEncourage children to use the word 'Extra' in different context throughout the day. SEN: Children to use CT made sentence starters
This process develops the extra extra activity and gives the opportunity to apply knowledge about the meaning of the word ‘extra’ to a new context.Children will also use the illustration to make predictions about the title.
- Write the word ‘extra’ on the IWB.
- Have available copies of the Extra Yarn front cover with the word ‘yarn’ masked so that it can’t be read.
- Sticky notes for writing ideas.
Write the word ‘extra’ on the board and explain that it is the first word in the title of a story.
Share the following words:
Thinking about alternatives
Ask the children:
- Which of these words would you prefer to be the second word? E.g. extra jam
- What do you imagine might happen in a story with this title? (e.g. Extra Jam)
Talk to a partner and make a list of other words which could follow ‘extra’.
Now share the front cover illustration with the word ‘yarn’ masked. Does this give any further clues to the second word? Ask the children to write their ideas on sticky notes.
Reveal the word ‘yarn’ and ask the children if they have ever heard it before.
- Can you work out what yarn is, using the illustration?
- Can you work out if yarn is a noun, verb or adjective? Encourage the children to share their thinking.